Anaemia : Causes, Impact, and recent developments

Anaemia: Causes, Impact, and Recent Developments
Anaemia is a condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin in the blood. It affects millions of people worldwide and can have serious health implications. Let’s delve into the details:

Causes of Anaemia:
Iron Deficiency: The most common cause of anaemia is iron deficiency. Iron is essential for hemoglobin production, and insufficient iron levels lead to decreased red blood cell formation.
Nutritional Deficiencies: Apart from iron, deficiencies in other nutrients like vitamin B12, folic acid, and vitamin C can also contribute to anaemia.
Chronic Diseases: Conditions such as chronic kidney disease, inflammatory disorders, and certain cancers can disrupt red blood cell production.
Inherited Disorders: Some genetic conditions affect hemoglobin synthesis, leading to various types of anaemia.
Impact of Anaemia:
Health Risks: Anaemia increases the risk of infections, impairs cognitive function, and causes extreme fatigue.
Poor Pregnancy Outcomes: Pregnant women with anaemia are at higher risk of complications during childbirth.
Economic Burden: Anaemia affects productivity due to fatigue and loss of earnings.
Recent News:
WHO’s Comprehensive Framework: In May 2023, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched its first-ever comprehensive framework to reduce anaemia. The framework emphasizes a multi-sectoral approach, addressing not only iron deficiency but also other causes1.
Anaemia Prevalence in India: According to the National Family Health Survey, anaemia cases have increased across age groups and genders in India. The government is closely examining its “Anaemia Mukt Bharat” program to tackle this issue2.
Remember, addressing anaemia requires a holistic approach, including nutrition, healthcare, and awareness.

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